KVM – Adding Space To FreeBSD 10 zfs on root guest on a Centos 6.5 LVM host

I decided to write this after I could not find any documentation on internet how to easily add space to a FreeBSD 10 guest that had zfs on root install. This should show you how to do it easily and quickly. It is important as we may need to add more space from our LVM to our FreeBSD guest at some point, and we need to know exactly how to do that.

I assume you have a Centos host running KVM guests, as well as gdisk installed.

First thing we want to do is extend size of our guest

lvextend -L +10G /dev/vps/sunsaturn (add 10G to sunsaturn)
gdisk /dev/vps/sunsaturn (we let gdisk fix partition table or we will not be able to add new space)

Command (? for help): w
Warning! Secondary header is placed too early on the disk! Do you want to
correct this problem? (Y/N): Y
Have moved second header and partition table to correct location.”

Just save and exit to fix our partition tables.
Now let us run gdisk again to add the new space, since we have following:

gdisk -l /dev/vps/sunsaturn
Number  Start (sector)    End (sector)  Size       Code  Name
   1              34            1057   512.0 KiB   A501  gptboot0
   2            1058         8389665   4.0 GiB     A502  swap0
   3         8389666       335544286   156.0 GiB   A504  zfs0
virt-filesystems --long --parts --blkdevs -h -a /dev/vps/sunsaturn
Name       Type       MBR  Size  Parent
/dev/sda1  partition  -    512K  /dev/sda
/dev/sda2  partition  -    4.0G  /dev/sda
/dev/sda3  partition  -    156G  /dev/sda
/dev/sda   device     -    160G  -

Our last partition can easily be expanded just deleting last partition and add it back with the new space.

gdisk /dev/vps/sunsaturn (now delete last partition(3) and add it back, set code and name back to A504 and zfs0)

Alright we have expanded our LVM, now we need to restart the guest and enable new space within the guest.

virsh shutdown sunsaturn (actually wait till it is shutdown, till "virsh list" shows it gone)
virsh start sunsaturn


zpool status (find out device and put it below)
zpool online -e zroot vtbd0p3 (zfs will now grab the additional space)

That’s it, now you know how to add space on the fly to any FreeBSD guest with zfs on root, on the fly.


Update: a few months after writing this I came across this article which does a good representation.